To understand how bird populations respond to environmental change, it is important to understand:

  • where distinct populations breed, migrate, and winter
  • the environmental and genetic factors that lead to changes in annual cycle timing
  • the impacts of these timing changes on breeding success and survival of those birds

    The Full Cycle Phenology Project (FCPP) connects these three important research areas. Click on each to find out more.

Mapping the American Kestrel Genoscape 


Environmental and Genetic Factors Influencing Phenology


Consequences of Breeding and Migration Phenology



Feature photo © Caitlin Davis